Islamic Stocks are stock that not contrary to Islamic principles in the Capital Market. The definition of shares in the context of Islamic shares refers to the definition of shares generally governed by the laws and regulations of OJK. There are two types of Islamic shares that are recognized in Indonesia capital market. First, the stocks that meet the criteria of Islamic share selection based on OJK regulation 35/POJK.04/2017 concerning Criteria and Issuing list of Islamic Share, the second is shares that listed as Islamic shares by issuers or public companies Islamic based on OJK regulation no. 17 / POJK.04 / 2015.
Islamic shares that listed in the Indonesian Islamic Capital Market, either listed on IDX or not, are incorporated into the List of Islamic Securities (DES) issued by OJK on a regular basis, every May and November. Currently, the criteria for selection of Islamic shares by OJK are as follows:
- The Company does not conduct any business activities as follows:
a. Gambling and games considered as gambling;
b. Trading that is prohibited according to Islamic, such as:
- trading that is not followed by delivery/transfer of products and or services;
- Trading with a fake offer or demand;
c. Ribawi financial services, such as:
- interest-based bank; and
- interest-based finance company;
d. Buying and selling of risks that involve speculation (gharar) and gambling (maisir);
e. Producing, distributing, trading, and or providing:
- products or services that are forbidden because of its contents (haram li-dzatihi);
- products or services that are forbidden not because of its contents (haram lighairihi) but because they are stated forbidden by DSN-MUI;
- products or services that can deprave one’s morals and are harmful;
f. Transactions that contain elements of bribery (risywah); and
- The Company that fullfils the following financial ratios:
a. The ratio of interest-based liabilities to total Assets is not more than 45% (fourty five percent); or
b. The ratio of interest income and other non-Islamic income to total revenue is no more than 10% (ten percent)
Sukuk is a securitized asset that meets the principles of Islamic in the capital market. Based on the issuer, the sukuk consists of two types:
Government Sukuk issued by the Indonesian government regarding to Law No. 19 of 2008 concerning State Islamic Securities (SBSN), and
Corporate Sukuk issued by companies, both private companies and State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs), based on OJK regulation no. 18 / POJK.04 / 2005 on the issuance and sukuk requirements.
In the case of sukuk issued by the corporation, the assets that underlying the issuance of sukuk shall not be in conflict with the Islamic principles in the Capital Market consist of:
- Particular tangible assets (a’yan maujudat);
- Both existing and will exist beneficial values of to particular tangible asset (manafiul a’yan)
- Services (al khadamat) that have already existed or will exist
- Particular project assets (maujudat masyru 'mu'ayyan); and / or
- Investment activities that have been determined (nasyath ististmarin khashah).
ISLAMIC MUTUAL FUNDS
Islamic mutual funds according to POJK. No. 19/POJK.04/2015 is a Mutual Fund as defined in the Capital Market Act and its implementing regulations whose management does not contradictory with the Islamic Principles in the Capital Market. Based on that definition, each type of the mutual funds can be issued as Islamic mutual funds as long as it meets the Islamic principles, including the assets that underlying its issuance.
Islamic mutual funds are considered fulfilling the Islamic principles in the capital market if the akad, arrangements and portfolios are not contradictory with Islamic principles in the capital market as stipulated in the OJK regulations regarding the Implementation of Islamic Principles in the Capital Market.
ISLAMIC EXCHANGE TRADED FUND (ETF)
Islamic Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) is one form of mutual funds that meets the Islamic principles in the capital market where the unit of participation is listed and transacted as Islamic stocks in the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Because the form is mutual funds, the issuance must comply with OJK regulation no. 19/POJK.14/2015 regarding the issuance and requirements of Islamic mutual funds. In order the transaction fulfilling the Islamic principles, the investor who wants to exercise the buy or sale of Islamic ETF must be through an Exchange Member that owns Sharia Online Trading System (SOTS).
ISLAMIC ASSET-BACKED SECURITY (ABS)
Based on the OJK regulation No. 20/POJK.04/2015 regarding the Issuance and Requirements of the Islamic Asset-Backed Securities (ABS), the Islamic ABS that issued in Indonesia capital market consists of two types:
- Islamic ABS in the form of Collective Investment Contract between investment manager and custodian bank (KIK-EBAS) is an asset-backed securities that its portfolio (consisting of financial assets in the form of receivables, financing or other financial assets), the akad and the manner of its management is not contradictory to the Islamic principles in the capital market.
- Islamic ABS in the form of Participation Letter (EBAS-SP) is a Islamic asset-backed securities issued by the issuer whose akad and its portfolio (in the form of a collection of accounts receivable or home financing) is not contradictory to the Islamic principles in the capital market and also serve as a proof of proportional ownership that owned by a group of EBAS-SP holders.
ISLAMIC REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST (REIT)
Based on the OJK regulation No. 30/POJK.04/2016 regarding Islamic REIT in the form of Collective Investment Contract, Islamic REIT is define as a form used to raise funds from the investor community to be subsequently invested in real estate assets, real estate-related assets, and/or cash and cash equivalents that is not contradictory with the Islamic principle in the capital market.
Islamic REIT in the form of Collective Investment Contract are considered fulfilling the Islamic principles in the capital market if the akad, management and real estate assets, real estate-related assets, and/or cash and cash equivalents is not contradictory with Islamic principles in the capital market as stipulated in the OJK regulations regarding the Implementation of Islamic Principles in the Capital Market.